Mathematician, essayist, occultist, Freemason and neo-Pythagorean philosopher, Arturo Reghini (1878-1946) was a central figure in the literary and occult milieu of early twentieth-century Italy. While acquainting himself with established occult trajectories such as Theosophy and Freemasonry, Reghini’s main objective was the re-institution of the customs and traditions of Ancient Rome.
Through the teachings of his mentor Amedeo Rocco Armentano (1886-1966), Reghini claimed to have been initiated into an uninterrupted chain of initiates which could trace back to the foundation of Rome (753 BC) and to the philosophical circle gathered around Pythagoras ( c. 570-495 BC). In the worlds of his disciple Giulio Parise (1902-1970), ‘he benefited from the rare privilege of drinking from the living and pure spring of the Italic Tradition, and received the emission to revive its knowledge and wisdom.’
Although he did not believe in the transcendental unity of all religions- privileging the cultic milieu of Ancient Rome in preference to the Orientalist vogue of his day- Reghini must be considered as one of the earliest and most influential figures of what Mark Sedgwick has termed the ‘Traditionalist Movement’. His close ties with key figures of the early years of traditionalist thought has been greatly overlooked, and a study of his works proves the influenced exerted on many of the traditionalists of the early part of the twentieth century.
To date, the academic attention devoted to Arturo Reghini outside of Italy extends to a few articles, while no monographic work has been devoted to this important Florentine thinker. In Italy, Reghini has been one of the most neglected figures of twentieth-century esotericism. After WWII right-wing culture hailed Julius Evola (1898-1974) as its main philosophical referent, while Reghini was rejected mainly because of his masonic ties: yet the masonic coterie mainly dismissed his work because of his purported pagan stance.