New Paper on Arturo Reghini and Sacred Numbers

Posted by on Mar 14, 2013 | 0 comments

New Paper on Arturo Reghini and Sacred Numbers

Do numbers possess magical qualities? Is the study of arithmosophy essential to the full comprehension of Masonic symbolism? Why did a group of Italian students of the occult, in primis Arturo Reghini, consider the study of arithmetic and ancient Pythagorean theories to be necessary for a full comprehension of occult lore in the Twentieth century?

To Reghini, the Pythagorean tetraktys, the five-pointed pentalfa, the sacred duodecimal values hidden behind the menacing outward appearance of the Lictoriae Fasces, all held clues to deeper, spiritual meanings, which were to be gleaned and treasured, if a neo-Pagan Renaissance were to take place within Masonic structures and society at large.

What follows is the abstract of the paper I will be delivering at the Synthesis Conference, to be held in Amsterdam on the 29th of April.

Fascio Etrusco


Three is the Magic Number: Arturo Reghini, neo-Pythagoreanism and the Sacred Use of Numbers in Roman Traditionalism.

Arturo Reghini (1878-1946) was arguably one of the greatest occultists of the Italian milieu of the early twentieth century. After a brief affiliation with the Theosophical Society in the final years of the nineteenth century, Reghini received initiation into the Memphis Rite in Palermo, in 1902, and was instrumental in the foundation of the Lucifero Lodge in Florence, in 1905.

It was only in 1910, after meeting occultist Amedeo Rocco Armentano (1886-1966), that Reghini was truly introduced to the Pythegorean theories on which he would base his future ideas for a complete reformation of the Italian mores. In that year, at the Passo del Vestito in the Apuan Alps, Reghini was initiated into the Schola Italica, which claimed an uninterrupted chain of initiates hailing back to the ancient school of Pythagoras (570 BC – 495 BC).


My talk will analyse Reghini’s use of numbers and Pythagorean doctrines, in order to better elucidate his occult theories. With a degree in Mathematics from the prestigious University of Pisa, Reghini’s writings on numbers and their symbology are revealing and the most relevant works, such as Per la Restituzione della Geometria Pitagorica (1931), ll Fascio Littorio (1935), Dei Numeri Pitagorici -Prologo (1940) and I Numeri Sacri nella Tradizione Pitagorica e Massonica (1947), will be scrutinized in order to best exemplify the strict connection between Reghini’s occult ideas and the revival of neo-Pythagorean ideas witnessed in early twentieth-century Italy Traditionalist circles.

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