‘Capitoline Hill and Golgotha’: a Brief Glance at Occultism, Religion and Politics in 1924 Rome.

Posted by on Jan 30, 2013 | 2 comments

‘Capitoline Hill and Golgotha’: a Brief Glance at Occultism, Religion and Politics in 1924 Rome.

While my thesis will not focus a great deal on the relationship between politics and occultism in early 20th century Italy, interactions between politicians and occultists were nevertheless abundant, and Arturo Reghini, in particular, was not a man to neglect his duty as a torchbearer of the Pagan ideals so dear to him. This short article of 1924 is a perfect example of the literary engagements between Reghini and Benito Mussolini (1883-1945), by then already Head of State. Mussolini often replied to Reghini’s incendiary articles: it is almost unanimously considered that the pseudonymous Fermi, who wrote several articles in response to Reghini on the journal Gerarchia, was the Duce himself.  When Mussolini signed the Lateran Pacts with the Vatican in 1929, thus proclaiming Catholicism as the official denomination in Italy, Reghini’s freedom of expression was severely restricted, forcing the Florentine thinker to abandon the capital and teach Mathematics in a private school in Budrio, near Bologna, until the year of his death, in 1946.


Capitoline Hill

Capitoline Hill

Capitoline Hill and Golgotha

On the anniversary of the Birth of Rome the Hon. Benito Mussolini, Head of State, while addressing the Roman people as a Roman citizen, pronounced  a speech on the Capitoline Hill, which aimed to celebrate the glories of ancient Rome and to auspicate the greatness of its future.

We do not agree with one particular sentence, though; and we want to and must declare it.

The Capitoline Hill, he stated, ‘after Golgotha, has certainly been for centuries the most sacred hill to civilized people’.

This way the Hon. Mussolini, rather than exalting the Roman way, ends up deriding and vilifying it.

Truly, from an initiatic point of view, and even from a historical and Italian point of view, we cannot see any reason why the creative genius of Rome should be placed after the destructive genius of that Christianity, which, after destroying the empire, enjoyed of its prestige.

The ‘Guelph part’, prospering today, can, if it thinks it necessary, rail against the ‘bad Italians’ who do not subdue the Roman way to Christianity.

We refuse to subordinate the sacred Capitoline Hill to an Asiatic mound.

Our Pythagorean idea of empire is in complete harmony with that of Vergil, Frederick, Dante, Nicholas of Cusa; not with that of [Robert] Bellarmine.

Neither we think that, on the other hand, Vilfredo Pareto, Hon. Mussolini’s great teacher, would have ever pronounced such words, even only for the sake of politics!’

Arturo Reghini, ‘Campidoglio e Golgota’ in Atanòr, I:5 (1924), p. 20.


Pieter Bruegel the Younger: The Procession to Calvary (1602)


  1. We refuse to subordinate the sacred Capitoline Hill to an Asiatic mound. About this , we have to remember that Sumerian civilisation is part of the middle east, so the debt of the west regarding this culture is huge. see : G.Semerano le origini della civilta’ europea.
    and: G.Semerano l’infinito un equivoco millenario…I think is time to discover this great author.
    thanks for your job on A.Reghini

  2. Sorry: the correct title of the first book in my previous comment is: G. Semerano le origini della cultura europea…see also: G.Semerano La favola dell’indoeuropeo

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